A natural reason for leaven's negative symbolism is the idea that fermentation implies a process of corruption. Old faults are not cured in a day; the new nature is not perfected at once; the fruits of the Spirit, like many other fruits, are slow in appearing and slow in ripening. Now the Gospel, where it has entrance and takes place, powerfully and effectually, continues to operate more or less, as the leaven in the meal, until the whole man, soul and body, all the faculties of the soul, and members of the body, are influenced by it; and will continue with power and efficacy in the world, and church, until all the elect of God are wrought upon by it, and are brought in. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/matthew-13.html. THE LEAVEN. The parable may be applied either way, but we prefer the latter. Until the whole was leavened: to be "leavened" by the Gospel, is to be evangelized by it, to be brought into the life and liberty of it, to a Gospel way of living by faith on Christ; to derive all peace, joy, and comfort from him, and not from any works of righteousness; and to have a man's obedience influenced by the love of God, so as to do it cheerfully, and without dependence on it. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. (3) The method of the extension of the kingdom is given in the first parable. If you will search into the history of your mind, you will find that some of your convictions have taken a long time to form: there were prejudices to be overcome, there were defects to be made up, there was information to be gained, there were experiments to be conducted—for a long time you wondered and hesitated, you oscillated between two opposite points, you knew not to which point you would at last gravitate and where you would "finally" settle, and yet there did come a point in your thinking and deliberation at which you said, "This is right, I see it at length, and for ever I will take my stand here.". The influence of the church will become very wide and extensive. 7. From His secret pavilion He sustains all the forces of the universe, whether they be mechanical or vital, and yet His Hand is never seen. You will observe, also, that the bad is a testimony and compliment to the good. I. This is leaven indeed, to tell the encloser that he enters commons with the devil, while he hinders the poor to enter common with him; or to tell the sacrilegious that Satan hath just possession of his soul, while he keeps unjust possession of the Church’s goods. Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. But that mistake dies hard, and there are many very Evangelical and very Protestant-and in their own notions superlatively good-people, who hold a modern analogue of the old monastic idea; and who think that Christian men and women should be very tepidly interested in anything except what they call the preaching of the Gospel, and the saving of men’s souls. And "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". References: Matthew 13:33.—H. My symbol of progress is neither a hammer nor a sword, it is the shining light, the growing seed, the coming summer: no crash of wheels, no blare of trumpets, no fluttering of banners driven by the wind, but silent, solemn, irresistible day, spreading its conquering light over all the spaces of darkness, awaking all living things to labour and to Song of Solomon , and leaving behind it a benediction that shall be no burden. The leaven must be lodged and work within. p. 42. Chrys. The Gospel is compared to a mould, into which souls, when melted by Divine grace, are cast [Note: Romans 6:17. It has the inherent strength to change and to renew the heart and the life of men and to fit them ever more thoroughly to be true members of the kingdom of God. As the mustard seed, out of which a mighty tree should unfold itself, was the least of all seeds, so, too, the leaven is something apparently of slight account, but at the same time mighty in operation. 2. It is right for youth to be imperfect, but for you at your ripe seventy to be as childish, foolish, worldly as the youth of twenty, that would be double crime, redoubled, multiplied by many an aggravation, and carried up to a point of black blasphemy against every law of growth and right and divinity. He condescends to paint two more pictures, a woman hiding leaven in three measures of meal, and a man casting a net into the sea. ., p218. IV. And some few have taken it thus, and explained the parable of the progress of corruption and deterioration in the outward visible Church. (Kingdom/churchsee Matthew 16:18-19.). The Word of God. Matthew brings together in this chapter a series of seven parables of the kingdom, possibly spoken at different times, and gathered here into a sequence and series, just as he has done with the great procession of miracles that follows the Sermon on the Mount, and just as, perhaps, he has done with that sermon itself. from עגְה to bake bread or cake, Ezra 4:12.”, “ עֻגָה and עֻגָה (1 Kings 19:6; Ezekiel 4:12), fem, a cake baked under hot cinders,” etc., GESENIUS.—(I. Kirkpatrick.). BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Matthew 13:33". In what is it compared. Matthew 13:33. Think of drink, lust, gambling, to name but three of them, the hydra-headed serpent that is poisoning the English nation. Are you no further advanced in your study of human nature than to believe such to be the case? An inward power.—The leaven had no power until the woman ‘hid’ it ‘in three measures of meal.’ So when God’s grace takes possession of a man, it begins to work in the heart; and little by little the thoughts, the feelings, the wishes, the habits, are changed. A small amount of "old dough" was kept in a jar as a "starter." Third, believers must be cautious about setting dates and presuming the arrival of the kingdom since the parable gives no hint as to when the permeation ends. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. but when you go into these movements, when you go into Parliament, when you become a city Councillor, when you mingle with other men in commerce, when you meet other students in the walks of intellect, do you take your Christianity there, or do you leave it behind? Leaven; leaven is all-pervading and powerful. But it advances victoriously and totally. Leaven is of assimilating nature; makes all the meal that is leavened to be of one and the same lump. ], "The manifestation of the presence of the kingdom in some form in the Church age is clearly taught in the parables of the mustard seed and the leaven ...", [Note: Gerry Breshears, "The Body of Christ: Prophet, Priest, or King?" Griffin. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/matthew-13.html. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/matthew-13.html. Revelation 2:20; Revelation 17:1-6. hid. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/matthew-13.html. It does seem bold and startling that Christ, in this parable, would reverse the usual meaning of leaven and make it something good, holy, and desirable; but another example of the same reversal is seen in the fact that Christ is "a lion" (Revelation 5:5), and so is the devil (1 Peter 5:8)! One difference in these two short parables is that, whereas a man sowed the mustard seed in his field, it was a woman who took and hid the leaven in three measures of meal. Scripture is everywhere consistent with this representation. Difficulties have been raised as to the interpretation of this parable which do not seem to belong to it. But in this contact with all phases of life and forms of activity, Christian men are to be sure that they take the leaven with them. II. But is imperceptible in the soul. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). A little leaven leavens the whole lump BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. The promise of the parable has hitherto been realized only in a very imperfect measure; nor can we consider these words, "till the whole was leavened," as less than a prophecy of the final complete triumph of the Gospel, that it will diffuse itself through all nations and purify and ennoble all life. II. For the true renovation, that which God effects, is ever from the inward to the outward; it begins in the inner spiritual world, though it does not end there; for it fails not to bring about, in good time, a mighty change also in the outward and visible world. It is infinitely better to know our guilt and danger than to be lulled asleep in a fatal security. The Lord mentions three kinds of leaven, all of which were evil in their working: the leaven (1) of the Pharisees = hypocrisy or formalism (Luke 12:1); (2) of the Pharisees and Sadducees = evil doctrine or teaching (Matthew 16:11, Matthew 16:12); (3) of Herod = political religion, or worldliness (Mark 8:15). It changes, not their outward conduct only, but the inward dispositions of the heart. (3) The use of the word in Matthew 13:33 is congruous with its universal meaning. A poor woman, with her morsel of barm, kneading it up among three measures of meal, in some coarse earthenware pan, stands to Him as representing the whole process of His work in the world. Renewal 1960. (T. It is a new ingredient put into society. The movement of truth is always forward. in Ezekiel 4:12, render the Hebrew עוג (630) (to bake) by ἐγκρύπτω (to conceal(631)), whence is derived ἐγκρυφίας, a cake.— σάτα(632) τρία, three measures) As much as was generally carried by a man, or taken for baking, at once; see Genesis 18:6.— ἐζυμώθη, was leavened) I would rather refer this to the propagation, than the corruption of the Church. Nor does it yield much satisfaction to understand the “three measures of meal” of that threefold division of our nature into “spirit, soul, and body,” alluded to in 1 Thessalonians 5:23, or of the threefold partition of the world among the three sons of Noah (Genesis 10:32), as some do. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. ", "Just the same in my kingdom: it is not one sermon, one book, one act of prayer, but the repetition of many a process through the whole space of the lifetime. Leaven is a fermenting agent that causes dough to rise over time. On the other hand, let no man mistake the parable, and by a mischievous perversion of its teaching cover his own indifference and neglect. "The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened." BibliographyHawker, Robert, D.D. The leaven makes no noise, it works quietly. 3. 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