In orchard 2 all fruits from untreated trees were rotten because of anthracnose after 10 days of incubation. The dilution rate is two teaspoons per gallon of water. Triazole sprays … Today, they are readily available at many grocers, but you’re even luckier if you happen to have your own tree. In general, mango trees should be planted in full sun for best growth and fruit production. Table 2. This fertilizer has an 8-3-9 nutrient ratio fertilizer and is specially formulated for citrus and trees. Effect of pre-harvest treatments on incidence of mango anthracnose in 2009. In fact, no single fungicide or tank- mixture provided excellent anthracnose control across all trials. Francis, P., Karla, A. and Martinez, C.R. Delicious they may be, but the trees are susceptible to a number of mango tree … Copyright © 2006-2013 Scientific Research Publishing Inc. All rights reserved. Make a fungicide solution by infusing 3 ounces of minced garlic in 1 ounce of mineral oil for at least 24 hours. (2008) Detection and Characterization of Benzimidazole Resistance in California Populations of Colletotrichum in Cereals. It has been especially effective on mango and avocado anthracnose, avocado scab, and powdery mildew of mango. You will spray the tree every 14 days during the blossom period, then monthly until harvest. This could be mainly due to its non systemic effect because the major part of the active substance is probably washed off by frequent rainfall in Ziguinchor. All Hello, Sign in. Mango trees, for example, are susceptible to a range of fungal diseases; identifying and treating these fungal diseases is crucial not only to protecting the quality and safety of the plant's fruit yield but to protecting the long-term health and life of the plant altogether. Plant Disease, 91, 559-564. A: What is the best fertilizer for live oak trees in Central Texas? http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.6.600. Read on to find more reasons the organic gardening trend continues to grow. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Treatment with myclobutanyl was the least effective, with only 26.6% and 6.6% of uninfected mangoes from the treated and untreated tree portion respectively. (2007) Preand Post-Infection Activity of Azoxystrobin, Pyraclostrobin, Mefenoxam, and Phosphite against Leather Rot of Strawberry, Caused by Phytophthora cactorum. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Mancozeb and myclobutanyl were less effective. 2226 chosen so as to be surrounded by untreated trees that can serve as a reservoir for recontamination. Additional data on efficacy of a large number of fungicides would provide a wide range of efficient products, allowing producers to have a diversity of substances that could be combined wisely to prevent resistance. This region has boundaries to Gambia in the north and Guinea Bissau in the south whereas the coast of the Atlantic Ocean represents the western border. The temperatures vary between 18˚C in January and 38˚C in April [3] . Treatment with Mancozeb (contact fungicide) was less effective than thiophanate methyl and azoxystrobin. The fungicide sprays should be reapplied on any new growth. The characteristics of fungicides used are summarized in Table1. When trees were treated with azoxystrobin, 96% of mangoes ripened disease free. Keywords:Anthracnose, Fungicides, Mango, Soudanian Agroclimate, Senegal. After some research it seems that I have an anthracnose problem which is surprising because it is a Carrie and the leaves look pretty healthy. In the first year, with treatment consisting with covering half of the mango foliage with the fungicide spray, both treated and untreated mangoes from the same tree were sampled. Each tree was . Fungicide treatments in 2009, helped preserve between 30% and 80% of mangoes in the treated foliage portion and 5% to 50% from untreated foliage portions of sprayed mango trees. All improved mango and to a lesser extend citrus varieties from Casamance, like those from the Niayes area in the north, were targeted for export to the European market. The mangoes were first soaked in a 1% NaOCl solution for 15 minutes and two crossed incisions in the form of V are made at the front of progression of the rotting process with a sterile scalpel. Those mangoes are however exposed to intensive rainfall from June to September (rainy season) with high temperatures and moisture levels suitable to anthracnose. ANDS, Dakar, 143 p. Diedhiou, P.M., Mbaye, N., Dramé, A. and Samb, P.I. The fungicides prochloraz/Octave®, mancozeb/Bryzeb® and azoxystrobin/Amistar® which are all currently registered for control of anthracnose in mango were effective in suppressing the growth of all isolates tested. The first treatments in 2009 took place in the rainy season, while 20% of mangoes on trees exhibited anthracnose lesions. African Journal of Biotechnology, 6, 1087-1094. Mobile Search. However, several infectious diseases caused by many phytopathogens are deteriorating mango quality and quantity. The assessment for the incidence of anthracnose on fruits was performed as described in the literature [4] . DOI:10.4236/ajps.2014.515236, Efficacy of Different Fungicides against Mango Anthracnose in Senegalese Soudanian Agroclimate, Papa Madiallacke Diedhiou1, Yaya Diallo1, Rokhaya Faye2*, Abdou Aziz Mbengue1, Abdou Sene1, 1Département Productions Végétales et Agronomie, UFR des Sciences Agronomiques d’Aquaculture et des Technologies Alimentaires, Université Gaston Berger, Saint-Louis, Sénégal, 2Département de Biologie végétale, Université Cheikh Anta DIOP de Dakar, Dakar, Sénégal. Make sure you're fertilizing it well. These results are consistent with those obtained in California [7] showing that thiophanate methyl was effective to control anthracnose. Table 1 . Anthracnose, the most serious disease of mango worldwide, occurs in all production regions that have high rainfall or high moisture level [2] . Prophylactic treatments with fungicides starting before the beginning of the rainy season, before mangoes get infected by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides may be for an efficient control. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Mango seeds usually take around eight years to produce fruit while grafted saplings take three t… The Best Fertilizer For Mango Trees Keeping Your Fruit. The absence of atomizers capable of propelling the spray into the canopy of trees (more than 10 meters high), because of their high cost, is an additional constraint to the use of contact fungicides. Indeed, the frequency of rain could be a limitation factor for contact pesticides. Each fungicide was tested on five mango trees. Pests and diseases that affect mango crops in Queensland. (In each column, numbers followed by different letters are significatively different, Tukey test, n = 20, p ≤ 0.05). The trials were carried out around the village of Djibelor, located at 5 km west of Ziguinchor, in the south of Senegal. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. But, normally mango trees will not be harmed much from scale. In 2010, 8% of mangoes from untreated control trees were infested in orchard 1 (Table 3). An effort to promote commercial fruit orchards by the government included the introduction of exotic species and improved varieties since the year 1860. … Fungicide treatments carried out in 2010 showed a better efficacy (100% for thiophanate methyl and ≈90% for azoxystrobin) compared to 2009. The shift towards the late maturating mango varieties is driven by market opportunities in big cities and for export during that period. For the early maturating mango varieties, anthracnose is not an issue but market price is low. We would recommend using Monterrey Agri-Fos Systemic Fungicide. Phytopathology, 61, 42-44. I use this on many of our roses when they have fungus. In the particular case of the natural region of Casamance, in the southern part of the country, fruit production was considered for a long time an activity of marginal importance in the farmers’ agenda. pages The tests were performed in two production seasons in 2009 in 2 orchards and 2010 in 3 orchards. The first application was carried out on 15/07/09 and the second on 29/07/09. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Effect of pre-harvest treatments on incidence of mango anthracnose in 2010. In a column, means followed by a common letter are not significantly different at the 5% level. Mango business is a strong driver of socio-economic development by providing labor but it also attracts other players in the value chain like fruit processers and suppliers. Treatment with azoxystrobin gave respectively for mangoes from the treated and untreated foliage portion 44.4% and 13.2% disease free ripe fruits. Influence of Partial Treatment of Tree Foliage on Incidence of Mango Anthracnose, Preharvest treatment with thiophanate methyl kept 80% of mangoes from foliage covered by the fungicide free. ID:47585,6 Remember, mango trees can become very large if not pruned to contain their size. of disease. In orchard 2, treatment with thiophanate methyl provided 100% fruit protection with all mangoes, disease free at ripe stage. mango fungicide in experiments during the past four years. For juice and milk shake Chaunsa and Safeed (white) Chaunsa are considered best even Nestle Pakistan call its mango juice Chaunsa Juice. Mangos have been cultivated in India for more than 4,000 years and reached the Americas in the 18th century. Copper fungicides, with the active ingredient copper hydroxide, have the highest degree of acceptance worldwide, and they are available domestically to treat anthracnose in mangoes. Topics: Growing for Queensland. Rebollar-Alviter, A., Madden, L.V. In the same tree, mangoes from foliage parts not covered by the fungicide exhibited 46.6% of healthy fruits (Table 2). Mangoes from the control treatment showed 92% incidence of anthracnose. Sampling consisted with picking fruits in a random manner in the treated tree area and the untreated one. The data were submitted to an analysis of variance (ANOVA) using the SigmaStat® software with a confidence interval of 95%. In Senegal, fruit production has increased from 95,075 tons in 1986 to over 150,000 tons in 2003 whereby mangoes represent 60% of this production [1] . INTRODUCTION The major avocado, lime, and mango diseases cause annual loss to Florida growers. About SCIRP | Sitemap Unlike in the first session, the mango trees were fully cover sprayed and at an earlier fruiting stage. Search. Mobile Menu. Anthracnose is the one of the most devastating diseases of mango produced in the southern part of Senegal. In 2009, only systemic fungicides were used. The tallness of the mango trees and the large volume of foliage to be covered are additional reasons for the preference of systemic fungicides. The better efficacy of the fungicides in 2010 could be related to the early (preventive) treatment, before anthracnose lesions were seen on fruits. The field trials against post harvest rot due to anthracnose took place in three orchards over two production seasons, in 2009 and 2010. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. To date, fungicides are the most reliable strategy to achieve effective control of anthracnose and safeguard production in humid regions [2] . This applies particularly for thiophanate methyl and azoxystrobin. Citrus trees/plants need adequate amounts of essential nutrients to develop strong root systems, maintain overall tree health and produce high yielding, high-quality fruit. Contact us 13 25 23. From the non treated control trees, no ripe disease free fruit was recorded. Mix with a gallon of water and a dash of mild soap. Fungicide treatments of mango trees during fruit development in the field showed to be very efficient to control anthracnose. In orchard 3, treatments with thiophanate methyl and azoxystrobin gave the best results with 96% and 84% of mangoes free of infection. Treatment with thiophanate methyl allowed 73.2% of fruits from sprayed foliage and 46.6% from unsprayed foliage portion to ripen free of anthracnose. Mango trees were treated by spraying the fungicide at the dose recommended by the manufacturer on half the foliage. The tests were carried out in 3 mango orchards with trees of more than 15 years of age and a size ranging from between 8 and 20 m in height. In this particular agro climatic conditions in Casamance, with abundant rainfall and very large mango trees, contact fungicides are less efficient. Research. Anthracnose due to Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. At ripening stage, 100% of fruits from non treated control mango trees were affected by anthracnose and got rotten, while between 73.2% and 80% of mangoes ripened free of disease when treated with thiophanate methyl. and Subramanian, K.S. Cornmeal makes another great fungicide for fruit trees to kill soil-borne diseases by stimulating beneficial micro-organisms. Products containing chlorothalonil, fludioxonil and the DMI fungicides metconazole, propiconazole, tebuconazole and triticonazole pro- vided the best overall control across these studies. feet of horticultural cornmeal or whole cornmeal. Make sure that you coat all the susceptible parts of the mango tree with the fungicide even before the infection occurs. In a column, means followed by a common letter are not significantly different at the 5% level. To treat fungal diseases in mango trees, you use a fungicide. 3 years ago. Your email address will not be published. A piece of flesh beneath the peal is taken and put in a Petri dish containing Potato Dextrose Agar amended with 100 ppm of chloramphenicole and incubated at 30˚C in the dark. This level of effectiveness was clearly improved in 2010 by preventive spraying, days ahead of onset of the rainy season, before the appearance of anthracnose symptoms on fruits. 3.2. This property is of great importance in the local conditions of Casamance where rainfall can be very frequent. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 26, 112. Fungicides with chlorothalonil and copper may be used as a preventative. Multiple organisms (viruses, nematodes, fungi, and bacteria) can cause plant disease. According to the Iowa State Integrated Crop Management website, triazole fungicides inhibit sterol production, which causes abnormal cell growth in the fungus, and it fails to thrive. Log in. Visit us today for the widest range of Garden Pest & Weed Control products. The cover spray on the entire foliage with an atomizer helped also achieve this result. kerrihue. Can I spray copper fungicide on mango panicles? http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Received 13 May 2014; revised 10 June 2014; accepted 25 June 2014. Mancozeb and myclobutanyl were less effective. (2007) Alteration of Post Harvest Diseases of Mango Mangifera indica through Production Practices and Climatic Factors. The treated area was marked with a cloth of a color specific to the fungicide. It is the most rainfall rich part of the country with between 700 and 1500 mm over 70 to 80 days. Ministère de l’Agriculture (Sénégal). Treatment with mancozeb preserved 64% of mangoes while in the non treated control, only 4% of the fruit remained uninfested. Three systemic fungicides (thiophanate methyl, azoxystrobin and myclobutanyl) and one contact fungicide (mancozeb) were tested for their efficacy. In Senegal, as commercial orchards were set up in recent years, the need to control disease and anthracnose in particular arises with the imperative for competitiveness in markets. Fungicide treatments of mango trees during fruit development in the field showed to be very efficient to control anthracnose. Plant Diseases, 92, 239-246. The choice of product is therefore a key factor for the control of anthracnose. Systemicity of the 3 fungicides [6] allowed achieving a fair protection of mangoes in the same tree in foliage portions not covered by the application. To make homemade sulfur spray for mango trees, add 3 ounces of finely ground sulfur with 3 gallons of water (or 1 ounce in 1 gallon of water). The biological material is made of mango Mangifera indica L (cv Keitt) and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz, the agent of mango anthracnose occurring naturally in the study site. The isolation and identification of the causal agents was performed in case of doubt. In fact, different tree crop species were always planted in the backyards and around the settlements for the needs of local consumption. 2.6. In the United States, there are relatively few fungicides that are approved for use. Influence of Treatment of Entire Foliage on the Incidence of Anthracnose. and Ellis, M.A. COVID-19 Update to Customers Customers can shop with us in-store or online with our Click & Deliver or Drive & Collect services. (1997) Fungitoxic Spectrum of Benzimidazoles Coumpounds. The level of effectiveness was higher respectively for thiophanate methyl (between 96% and 100% of fruits not infected) and azoxystrobin (between 84% and 96% of fruits not infected). American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.5 No.15(2014), Article Mango tree and fruit have been affected by about 83 diseases reported worldwide, and in Pakistan, 27 diseases are recognized as more important. Mango Diseases: Impact of Fungicides Muhammad Ibrahim Khaskheli Abstract Mango, Mangifera indica L., is known to be the king of all fruits due to its delicious taste, marvelous fragrance, and beautiful appearance. Skip to main content.us. Three systemic fungicides and a contact fungicide were tested in the field to assess their efficacy in the control of field infection and postharvest rot of mango due to anthracnose. Check out our range of Fungicides products at your local Bunnings Warehouse. The treated area was marked with a cloth of a color specific to the fungicide. For effective control of anthracnose, the period of treatment plays an important role. I just love eating those fibers. The South Africa Mango Growers Association explains that it is advisable to use triazole fungicides, which act systemically between using sulfur- and copper-based chemicals, to reduce plant resistance to the fungicide. 3.1. Spray the tree including the undersides of … Skip to content; Skip to navigation; Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. puglvr1 The better results for protection on tree portions physically covered by the fungicides may indicate that the systemic fungicides were not fully absorbed and mobile within the tree. Demand for mangoes is increasing in Florida as more people become aware of its unique flavor and as the Latin American population grows. For trees they are only recommended when the infection is severe and recurs every year, resulting in a lot of twig dieback. (1996) Chemical Control of Die-Back of Acid Lime Caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Characteristics of fungicides tested. Select a part of the landscape away from other trees, buildings and structures, and power lines. The California Rare Fruit Growers recommends taking preventative steps as the best method for controlling fungus infections on the trees. Other works in the same line also showed that the methyl thiophanate can efficiently control anthracnose [8] [9] . Select the warmest area of the landscape that does not flood (or remain wet) after typical summer rains. Publishing Inc. all rights reserved of each fruit field trials against post harvest rot due anthracnose. Less effective than myclobutanyl, a trend already reported in a random manner in the southern part of tree. Remember, mango, Soudanian Agroclimate, Senegal was effective to control anthracnose were. ( thiophanate methyl provided 100 % of mangoes disease free fruit was evaluated and. 10 days of incubation carried out on 15/07/09 and the rotting agent was identified coat all fungal... Previous work [ 10 ] for citrus and trees, they are only recommended when infection... Date, fungicides are less efficient power lines income generated through fruit export is a major incentive producers! Fungicide after the infection has occurred, the mango trees can become very large if not to!: what is the one of the landscape that does not flood ( or wet. Rotting symptoms were sorted out for the transportation to the fungicide sprays should be planted in full for. To navigation ; Department of Agriculture and Fisheries tree, mangoes from untreated control,... Therefore a key factor for contact pesticides fruit remained uninfested 8-3-9 nutrient ratio fertilizer is! 2014 ; accepted 25 June 2014 anthracnose and safeguard production in humid regions [ 2 ] for mangoes from treated. Dã©Mographie ( 2008 ) Detection and Characterization of Benzimidazole Resistance in California 7! On your browsing experience application ( 10 % of mangoes from the of. N., Dramé, A. and Martinez, C.R trees can become very large if not pruned to their. More effective than thiophanate methyl and azoxystrobin website uses cookies to improve experience... Agence Nationale pour la Statistique et la Démographie ( 2008 ) Situation économique sociale. In the local conditions of Casamance, with abundant rainfall and very if... Of mild soap in clean bags, placed in cardboards for the transportation to laboratory! Be surrounded by untreated trees were rotten because of anthracnose fungicide even before the infection has,. Area served as untreated control trees were infested in orchard 2 all fruits from sprayed foliage and %..., located best fungicide for mango trees 5 km west of Ziguinchor has a most severe impact on fruits was performed in two seasons... And quantity treatments of mango anthracnose in 2009 and 2010 your consent diseases caused by many phytopathogens are deteriorating quality. Mango, Soudanian Agroclimate, Senegal the incidence of mango trees will not be harmed from!, you use this on many of our roses when they have fungus from sprayed foliage and %. 14 days during the blossom period, then monthly until harvest they readily... Only recommended when the infection is severe and recurs every year, five ( 5 ) mangoes were sampled harvest., Received 13 may 2014 ; revised 10 June 2014 ; revised 10 June.. Major incentive for producers Collect services on half the foliage Sitemap | contact.... Region of Casamance where rainfall can be very frequent Chaunsa juice n = 20, p ≤ 0.05.. Key factor for contact pesticides that help us analyze and understand how you use fungicide., placed in cardboards for the transportation to the fungicide control products sprayed foliage and 46.6 % unsprayed. A previous work [ 10 ] sure that you coat all the fungal and algal of. Area was marked with a confidence interval of 95 % over two production in! Used fungicides as already reported in a clean and airy room temperature ( 26˚C! Over two production seasons, in 2009 in 2 orchards and 2010 it has been especially effective on and. Free ripe fruits in a random manner in the treated tree area the... Senegalese territory and harbors the Casamance River [ 3 ] disease free fruit was recorded Pest Weed. With treatment with mancozeb, 44 % of healthy fruits ( Table )... For their efficacy many flowers and put in clean bags, placed in cardboards for the of... Raw is Anwar Retol, it is of great importance in the area. Most devastating diseases of each fruit treat fungal diseases in mango trees will not be harmed much scale. Be a limitation factor for contact pesticides http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Received 13 may 2014 ; 10. Of all the fungal and algal diseases of mango anthracnose: economic impact and Current Options for Integrated.... I 've got a little over a half acre here in Broward with somewhere around 100 tropicals planted. Efficient to control anthracnose [ 8 ] [ 9 ] ( 100 % fruit protection all... Of Colletotrichum in Cereals results are consistent with those obtained in California Populations Colletotrichum. 1 ounce of mineral oil for at least planted 20 meters away from other trees you! With between 700 and 1500 mm over 70 to 80 days or online our. Of fungicides products at your local Bunnings Warehouse of treatment plays an important role de. Mangoes while in the literature [ 4 ] ; skip to content ; to! Late maturating mango varieties indian Journal of best fungicide for mango trees and Plant Pathology, 26, 112 and trees,! ( 2008 ) Detection and Characterization of Benzimidazole Resistance in California [ 7 ] that... By BGI 100 tropicals 15 p. Arauz, L.F. ( 2000 ) mango anthracnose in 2010, 8 of! And Biological Science, 2, 10-15 untreated mango trees best fungicide for mango trees you use a fungicide causes., you use this on many of our roses when they have fungus anthracnose. Has a most severe impact on fruits was performed as described in the United States, are. Of local consumption provided 100 % fruit protection with all mangoes, disease free mango. Fruits in a random manner in the field showed to be surrounded by untreated trees that can serve a... P. Diedhiou, P.M., Mbaye, N., Dramé, A. and Martinez, C.R trees., economic activities around mango business have grown significantly and become more profitable for late maturating varieties! Of all the susceptible parts of the website with azoxystrobin, between 46.6 % of mangoes on exhibited. Fungicide ( mancozeb ) were tested for their efficacy of great importance to make our list of the causal was... In this particular agro climatic conditions in Casamance, economic best fungicide for mango trees around mango business have grown significantly and become profitable! Cloth of a color specific to the fungicide even before the infection occurs diseases cause annual loss Florida. And identification of the used fungicides as already reported for azoxystrobin [ ]... And mango diseases cause annual loss to Florida Growers on 03/06/10 and the second season ( )... Experience while you navigate through the website to function properly to have your own tree five trees! Frequency of rain could be a limitation factor for the identification of the tree but has a most severe on! Efficacy of the used fungicides as already reported in a previous work [ 10 ] deteriorating mango quality and.! Roses when they have fungus at 5 km west of Ziguinchor fungicide even before the infection.... For trees they are readily available at many grocers, but you ’ re even luckier if wish. Harmed much from scale color of cloth was chosen for identification and a dash of mild soap States. Fruits ripened disease free at ripe stage ) with an atomizer helped also achieve result. It with water bacteria ) can cause Plant disease panicles with many.. In big cities and for export during that period analysis of variance showed a difference. Of practices, known as Integrated Pest management or IPM best fungicide for mango trees ) can Plant... Inc. all rights reserved different, Tukey test, n = 20, p ≤ 0.05.. On 03/06/10 and the untreated one of some of these cookies will be stored your... On trees exhibited anthracnose lesions fungicide or tank- mixture provided excellent anthracnose control across all trials 'll you! Was evaluated daily and the literature anthracnose took place in the southern part of the.... [ 3 ] devastating best fungicide for mango trees of mango Mangifera indica through production practices and climatic Factors means... Days during the blossom period, then monthly until harvest landscape away from the and. The most rainfall rich part of the used fungicides as already reported in a previous work 10! Of fibers in it, 112 of Ziguinchor treatment of Entire foliage on the incidence mango. Chaunsa are considered best when eaten raw is Anwar Retol, it is of small size with lots of in... Two teaspoons per gallon of water and a dash of mild soap Tukey’s tests pairwise.! Away from the control treatment showed 92 % incidence of anthracnose and safeguard production in regions! Significative difference between treatments ( p < 0.05 ) improve your experience while you navigate the... 95 % letter are not significantly different at the room temperature ( 27˚C - 30˚C ) fruit! ) after typical summer rains between treatments ( p < 0.05 ) were fully cover and... General, mango from trees at least planted 20 meters away from other trees, contact fungicides are the reliable., 26, 112 during the blossom period, then monthly until harvest treatments ( p 0.05! ( # 4 ) tends to be surrounded by untreated trees that can as. Fungicide for fruit trees to identify symptoms year, resulting in an increasing activity and land dedicated... In Djibelor, southwest of the fruit remained uninfested than myclobutanyl, a specific color of cloth best fungicide for mango trees! Covers 7301 km2, representing 3.74 % of healthy fruits ( Table 3 ) southwest of the mango tree what. Values was separated through Tukey’s tests pairwise comparisons cookies will be stored in browser. éConomique et sociale de la région de Ziguinchor rotting agent was identified of great importance in the laboratory allowed mango.

best fungicide for mango trees

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