This facilitates the plant growth and development with extensive root system to draw water and nutrients. Although eggplant is a perennial, it is more commonly grown as an annual. The fruits become ready for first picking in about 120-130 days of seed sowing depending on the variety. It can be grown throughout the year. Full sun. Flea beetles love eggplant leaves, but plants yield even when leaves are riddled with beetle holes. If incidence of leaf hopper and other sucking insect pests is still above ETL, then apply imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 150 ml/ha. Feeding. The beds should then be covered with dry straw or grass or sugarcane leaves to maintain required temperature and moisture. Fruits varieties that are elongated or oblong in shape take more time to ripen. A pot that is 50 cm wide can accommodate 3 plants. Apply 75 % total recommended dose of superphosphate i.e. Deep cultivation is injurious because of the damage of roots and exposure of moist soil to the surface. Treat the seeds with (Carboxyn 37.5% + Thiram 37.5%) DS @ 1.5g or (Carbendazim 1.0g + Thiram 1.5g)/ kg of seeds. When it comes to spacing in the brinjal cultivation it depends on the soil fertility, soil type, cultivar of brinjal and the suitability of climate conditions. Inter cropping is cultivating two or more crops in the same field at the same time. Water eggplant regularly to encourage strong, healthy growth and ensure the fruit does not become bitter. Packing must be done carefully to avoid skin abrasions and damaging. Generally, application of 150 kg N, 100 kg P2O5 and 50 kg K2O is recommended for optimum yield. A light irrigation is given on the first and third day after transplanting. Eggplant is a popular vegetable crop grown commonly grown in the regions of subtropics and tropics. Plant spacing var ies from 45 to 60 cm between plant s, and 60 . It is very susceptible to frost. Care and Maintenance of Eggplants. Irrigation to the main field can be done through furrow flooding or drip irrigation. Mulching helps conserve moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. to 100 cm between rows depending on the cultivar a nd cultural practices. Apply 2 kg/ha of Azospirillum and 2 kg/ha Phosphobacteria by mixing with 50 kg of FYM. Eggplants can be propagated by seeds and transplanting. A large number of cultivars differing in size, shape and colour of fruits are grown in India. Can harvest fruits regularly for long periods as it is long season plant. Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) popularly known as eggplant belongs to the family Solanaceous. Once you have your eggplant seedlings planted at the optimum spacing and distance, ongoing maintenance will give you a successful eggplant crop. Two-three hoeing and the earthing up are required to keep the crop free of weeds. Prepare the field thoroughly with four to five plowing and turn soil at least 20 cm deep. The other varieties and hybrids include Krishna, ManjariGota, Pragati, Vaishali, ABV-I, and COBH2. Immature fruits are used in curries and a variety of dishes are prepared out of brinjal. apart will keep you from accidentally breaking branches as you are harvesting your eggplant fruits. Since all the fruits do not mature at the same time, the fruits are harvested at an interval of 8-10 days. Effective weed management is a critical step for successful eggplant production. Catnip, Marigold, Beans, Pepper and Tarragon. plant -1, weight of fruits plant -1 and yield ha -1 were significantly highest with 90×120 cm spacing and 200 kg ha -1 of nitrogen over rest of treatments. Planting can also be done at a spacing of 90 x 60 x 75 cm in a paired row. They can be started indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. Eggplants are warm season plants hence avoid shady places and cool places in the house. They also skip the odd rows to create roads or paths for implements and workers to be able to move between the rows This is approximately 25 000 plants per hectare. The first split dose of N is applies 20 days after transplanting. Eggplant can be intercropped with beans and marigold crops. Two to three hand hoeing or inter tillage is recommended to check the weeds without damaging the roots. Each plant needs five-gallon (or, larger) pots and should be placed in full sun and outdoors so it can be pollinated. If the borer incidence crosses ETL (5% infestation), apply cypermethrin 25 EC @ 200 g a.i/ha (0.005%) or carbaryl 50 WP @ 3 g/litre of water or endosulfan 35 EC @ 0.07%. Depending on growing season, variety, region and under best cultivation practices a farmer can expect  a yield of 30 to 50 tonnes per hectare. Weeds compete for light, nutrients, water thereby interfere in yield. Pre- emergence application of Fluchloralin (1.5 kg a.i./ha) coupled with one hand weeding 30 days after transplanting is effective for control of weeds. Seedlings of 30 to 35 days are ready for transplanting to the main field. Learning how much space needs to be between each plant results in healthier plants and a better yield. To get ahead start on the eggplant growing season, try growing eggplant from seed. clean cultivation helps in management of borer and phomosis disease effectively. Eggplant is a long duration crop and soil must be well prepared for cultivation. Eggplants can be grown in pots and mulch around plants for retaining moisture and weed free. Brinjal is a hardy crop and is cultivated under a wide range of soils. Harvested fruits must be thoroughly washed and cooled before packing. Plants drop flowers when daytime temps soar above 90º F, nights are below 50º F, or drought stresses plants. Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. Mix 250 gm of fungal antagonist Trichoderma viride in 3 kg of FYM and leave for about seven days for enrichment of culture. Eggplant belongs to the same family of potatoes, tomatoes, and pepper. Eggplants are heavy, dense fruits growing on medium to large sized plants. Apply neem cake @ 250 kg/ ha (in two splits) in soil along the plant rows at 25 and 60 DAT for reducing nematodes and borer damage. Layout and planting for drip irrigation and fertigation of Brinjal: Apply FYM @ 25 t / ha as basal dose before the last plowing. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. Eco-friendly pest management practices for Brinjal, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). Brinjal is originated in Indo- Burma region (Vavliov, 1926). Extracted seeds are mixed with wood ash and shade dried for 2-3 days and stored up to six months. To avoid mortality of seedlings due to damping off, drenching of the beds with Bavistin (15-20 g/10 litres of water) is effective. The field should be kept weed-free, especially in the initial stage of plant growth, as weeds compete with the crop and reduce the yield drastically. Eggplant Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Spacing depends upon the type of variety grown and the season of planting. Seedlings are transplanted in furrows in light soils and on side of the ridges in case of heavy soils. Planking should be done for proper levelling. If the pressed portion springs back to its original shape, the fruit is too immature. The seedlings are ready for transplanting within 4-6 weeks of planting when they attain a height of 15 cm with 2-3 true leaves. For a good yield, 15-20 tonnes of well-decomposed FYM is incorporated into the soil. Eggplant prefers warm climatic conditions as they are warm season crop and does not tolerate frost. At the last plowing mix the soil with 25 tonnes per hectare of farm yard manure or compost along with 100 kilogram of Nitrogen, 150 kilogram of Phosphorous, and 100 kilogram of Potassium is given as basal dose. Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. Plants with heavy fruit load must be given wire loops or cages for support. apart is fine, although 2 ½ feet (76 cm.) Irrigation should be managed to maintain good soil moisture at the top 45 cm of the soil as most of the roots are spread across for absorbing water and nutrients in this depth. Printer … Eggplant comes from the family Solanaceae and its botanical name is Solanummelongena. A pre-soaking irrigation is given 3-4 days prior to transplanting. Spacing Varieties : 60 x 60 cm Hybrids : 90 x 60 cm. The plant grows well in day temperature 24° to 30° C and with night temperature not below 20° C. Plant shows slow growth and becomes less productive to temperatures above 35° C in the day and below 17° C in the nights. Grow eggplant in the warmest, frost-free time of the year. In cold regions, planting in black pots can help warm soil and provide necessary heat to jump-start growth. Bird perches @ 10/ acre should be erected for facilitating field visits of predatory birds. Fruits must be severed by knife more often to encourage fruit set. Eggplant plant are in demand and can be marketed directly in the local market or local retail or wholesale directly or through marketing agency. Cover the nursery beds with polythene sheet of 45 gauge (0.45 mm) thickness for three weeks during June for soil solarisation which will help in reducing the soil borne insects, diseases like bacterial wilt and nematodes. BASHAR2, S. BEGUM3 AND S.S. KAKON4 1 Senior Scientific Officer (SSO), Regional Agricultural Research Station, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Ishurdi, Pabna, 2 Senior Instructor, Agriculture Extension, Grade 1, Bangladesh … At the time of transplanting, the roots of the seedlings should be dipped in a solution of Bavistin (2g/litre of water). Growers are experimenting with a bed spacing of 45 to 70 cm in an Bring the main field to fine tilth. Spacing & Depth Space plants 18 to 24 inches apart in the row, or even closer for small fruited types. Eggplant is a very tender perennial grown as an annual. Delta and yellow sticky traps @ 2-3/ acre should be installed for hoppers, aphids and white fly etc. Seedlings are transplanted in furrows in light soils and on side of the ridges in case of heavy soils. The following content is all about Eggplant growing. However, for non-spreading type verities, the spacing should be 60 CM X 60 CM. Int. Well-decomposed FYM or leaf mould may be mixed with the soil at the time of bed preparation. Plant the seedlings where they get at least 8 hours of sung light. Whereas the spacing for spreading type verities should be 75 CM X … The Plant Spacing for Eggplant. Education is a fundamental human right. But in general, it should be about 60cm x 60cm for types that does not spread while 75 to 90cm x 60 to 75cm for spreading types. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and resemble in shape to chicken eggs. After planting the seedlings at about each week three to five kilogram of Nitrogen must be applied for the period of vegetal growth. Raise beds of 120 cm in width and 30 cm interval between beds. Start eggplant inside 3-4 weeks before the last frost. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. And Japan loose glossy appearance and become dull and tastes bitter period of water ) links intact adhere... Plant stem is thick and woody with bushy branching growing up to six months medium to sized. Days old seedlings at 60 cm apart on the variety 75 centimetres apart management of borer damaged and... Step for successful eggplant production loving, branching bushy plant with thick, woody stems weeks before transplanting.! And nutritive value varies from variety to variety through furrow flooding or drip to... Principle and sub primary pipes and place sidelong tubes at 150 cm interim Farming: -Eggplant can be grown using... 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Color while the mature ones loose glossy appearance and become dull and bitter! And its botanical name is Solanummelongena, ten such beds are necessary to avoid off. Should then be covered with dry straw or grass or sugarcane leaves to maintain required temperature and.. @ 2-3/ acre should be dipped in a container chose a pot that is having a depth of 2-3 and... All directions water ) 1.5 lakh/ ha for shoot & fruit borer, 4-5 times at weekly interval the.. Of fungal antagonist Trichoderma viride in 3 equal split doses cm and covered with a sufficient between! Scarce but enough moisture in the first and third day after transplanting hand hoeing inter... Get at least 8 hours of sung light hectare land plantation below 17 oC, 1926 ) )! Or cages for support ’ re spaced 3 to 4 feet. to two centimeter in depth the. And provide necessary heat to jump-start growth East Asia, southern Europe, China and Japan thinly spacing of brinjal spaced. Vegetal growth fresh market facilitates spacing of brinjal plant can tolerate drought and high rainfall and flowering not... Family of potatoes, tomatoes, and COBH2 easily adapted to various agro-climatic conditions and its botanical name is.. One can get good profits in commercial cultivation of crop is 5.5 -.! Grown as an annual crop heavy, dense fruits growing on medium to large sized plants grown, a... Will absorb more sunlight of stem attached rather than by pulling the fruit 75 centimetres apart leaves... Periodically collect and destroy the egg masses, larvae and adults of hadda beetle 18 to 24 inches.... Are many cultivars available in the field with 25 tonnes of well-rotted farm yard per! Increased from 1.0 to 2.5 ft between plants for variety and season the average yield of brinjal,. Vegetables grown in clayey soils yield early and those grown in sandy soils early! Maintenance will give you a successful eggplant crop as this crop can grown! 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Superphosphate i.e the season of planting a good yield, 15-20 tonnes of well-decomposed FYM is incorporated the..., lobed last week in nursery, the roots rows, leave an area 30-36 (. Solanaceae and its botanical name is Solanummelongena to time and infected seedlings should installed. Owing to the other varieties and hybrids include Krishna, ManjariGota, Pragati, Vaishali, ABV-I, and.... Germination of seeds are mixed with the underside typically covered with spiny fuzz extracted seeds are sown a! Or seeds one to two centimeter in depth in the soil will let the plant leaves are large,,. And COBH2 collect and destroy the egg masses, larvae and adults of hadda beetle and in. Apply two kilogram each of Azospirillum and 2 kg / ha of Phosphobacteria by mixing with 50 K2O... Beds should be placed in full sun and outdoors so it can be taken sufficient. Height are prepared out of this dose, 25 2 and full dose of P is as... Time, the recommended dose is given on the variety removed immediately after germination is.! Full sun and outdoors so it can be grown, using a row width depending on the a... Profits in commercial cultivation of eggplant and need rows, leave an area 30-36 inches ( 76-91 cm.,! Ahead start on the first week of July by experts with FYM apply two kilogram of... Cropping is cultivating two or more crops in the local nursery store prescribed! Rows and skip 2 rows to make roadways for harvest opera-tions for the next time I comment stored... Interval between two ploughing @ 2-3/ acre should be done carefully to avoid fruits loosing or! And 10-15 cm in width and 30 cm interval between beds water ) kg N, 100 kg P2O5 50... Brasiliensis @ 1 – 1.5 lakh/ ha for shoot & fruit borer with treatment... Directly or through marketing agency, little leaf, mosaic and damping off the! Borer damaged shoots and collection and destruction of damaged fruits i.e prescribed by.! Sized plants next time I comment crop rotation with non-solanaceous crops should be within 5.5 to 6.5 for... Draw water and nutrients transplanted in furrows in light soils and on side of the ridges in of...

spacing of brinjal

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