A single female red drum can produce as many as two million eggs at a time (more than a quart). Red drum are robust, elongated fish with moderately compressed bodies. (Examples of shallow water feeding behavior are provided in the video references below.) Both males and females can drum, which is different than red drum Black Drum Are A Schooling Fish Scientists believe that the black spot near their tail helps fool predators into attacking the red drum's tail instead of their head, allowing the red drum to escape. The whole "you can't eat drum" thing is a purely social taboo, and has nothing to do with flavor or nutritional value. If your bait or lure isn’t in the right place at the right time, you won’t be catching that black drum. On the northern Gulf coast, red drum are popularly regarded as one of the "big three" of sportfish, along with spotted seatrout (speckled trout) and flounder. It has a blunt snout with a large sub-terminal mouth similar to most species in the Sciaenidae family. Mature female red drum are seldom found in Mississippi waters north of the barrier islands. Black drum (Pogonias cromis) can be found in nearshore waters along the Atlantic coast from the Gulf of Maine to Florida and as far south as Argentina.Atlantic coast black drum migrate inshore to the north in the spring, and to the south in the fall. Tail of a 20" juvenile red drum, showing the characteristic spot and blue coloring. It is suggested that fish over 15 pounds be returned to the water, as they are very difficult to IUCN Red Listed LC (Least Concern). Red drum are related to black drum, spotted seatrout, weakfish, mullets and croakers, most of which also make drumming sounds. I think black drum - like a 24"er is arguably the most fine-flavored inshore SW fish I have ever tasted. Older fish tend to lose their excess spots. Saltwater - Presented by Slowride Guide Services, Bass Fishing - Presented by Mariner Sails, Kayak Rigging - Presented by Hook1 Kayak Fishing Gear, General Discussions(Request Access to the General Discussion Usergroup). Juvenile red drums are particularly attracted to the edges on marshes and seagrass beds. The Avet is a combination of the two - fast out of the gate, but with the mags at 2-3, they engage at just the right time and keep fluff to a minimum. Black drum are the largest members of the drum family, a group of inshore fish that includes the highly-sought-after red drum - redfish - as well … The name "drum" comes from the ability of the male red drum, and the males of its drum family relatives such as the spotted seatrout and black drum, to produce a deep drumming sound by contracting muscles on either side of the swim bladder. Data and formulas are from studies conducted by TPWD and other scientific groups All lengths are total lengths unless fork length (FL) or lower jaw to fork length (LJFL) is indicated. The color of red drum varies with the type of water they inhabit. Black Drum Fish Homely Fish Or Overlooked Beauty Weight. The red drum is related to the black drum (Pogonias cromis), and the two species are often found near to each other; they can interbreed and form a robust hybrid, and younger fish are often indistinguishable in … I grew up in the Tampa Bay area in Florida and as a kid , everyone said that black drum were a trash fish and smoked mullet was the best . A taste panel failed to identify differences in flavor between the three fishes. As with other gamefish, the dark red meat near the skin (sometimes called a mud line) should be removed along with the skin to improve flavor and reduce contaminants. There are one or more dark spots near the base of the caudal fin or tail. The largest black drum on record weighed 146 pounds. Unlike some other drums, the red drum has no chin barbels or "whiskers.". Biologists believe red drum develop black spots, usually one on each side of the tail, as an antipredator mechanism. Adult red drum are aggressive and opportunistic feeders that take a variety of prey, primarily shrimp, blue crabs, fish, and polychaete marine worms. Approximate weight vs. length relationship for red drum in Mississippi. This 37" red drum had more than 970 spots per side. I have never tried BU. Red drum are known as active feeders, following the current and the food source. Much better eating no matter which way you cook em! This is true about 95% of the time, black drum is way cheaper than redfish and most people never know the difference and in fact would say that the drum tastes better. The usual adult weight is under 40 pounds but can reach into the 90 … The following text and graph are from the "Summary Report of the Red Drum Special Working Group for the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council," 2010. I was hopin[…], Heard you loud and clear! Younger black drum have dark vertical stripes on their sides; red drum never have stripes. During winter and spring the diet consists primarily of fish. Life History. When I filet my catch, red and black drum go into the same pile. They are often broiled or grilled "on the half shell" as filets with skin and scales left on. By age one, red drum may gradually move into the Gulf with the arrival of cold weather, returning to shallower water in the spring. The red drum is easily distinguished from the black drum (Pogonias cromis) by its lack of chin barbels, more elongated body, and the presence of a large black spot on either side of the tail just ahead of the fin. It was caught in East Galveston Bay, Texas by Henry Perdue in June 2013. Red drum are opportunistic feeders and have been known to eat sand dollars, small nutria, snakes, turtles, and ducklings. I think that reel had the black brakes in it. The larvae live off their attached yolk sac for about three days and then begin to feed on plankton. Mississippi red drum grow slightly faster during their early age. In Mississippi, the daily recreational creel limit is three fish, with a minimum total length of 18". Black drum are a member of the croaker family of fish, which includes red drum, spotted seatrout, and of course Atlantic croaker. Both are primarily crustacean eaters, and the prey they consume helps to give their meat a rich, "shrimpy" flavor. The University of Southern Mississippi | College of Science and Technology And if I had to choose between red snapper and a plateful of butterfly drum I would be hard-pressed. While it is possible to fish for red drum on light tackle, you should usually use a surf rod that is rated for medium action and a strong line such as a fluorocarbon or braided line. Red drums are an excellent food fish up to a weight of about ten pounds. Fertilized red drum eggs are spherical and approximately one millimeter in diameter. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); - All times are UTC-04:00 - Red Drum caught at Ship Island, Mississippi. A big, bull redfish can be difficult to find, hook, and land, but they all begin their lives as the same thing; a puppy drum. The black drum is distinguished from similar species by the unusually large spine in the anal fin and numerous barbels on the chin. Red drum are subject to a variety of external and internal parasites, none of which pose a threat to humans. Several external parasites are visible on the tail and pectoral fin of the fish in the large version of the photo below. During the spawning season, the fins take on an orange color. While visually unappealing, the worms are not harmful. Coloration The red drum is usually … They have at least one large black spot on the tail (hence the name spottail bass). Typical growth rates for young red drum. Photo by Captain Jim West, Bolivar Guide Service. I think black drum - like a 24"er is arguably the most fine-flavored inshore SW fish I have ever tasted. The mouth is located beneath the head. ", Annual commercial and recreational harvest of red drum in the Gulf of Mexico, 1980 - 2010. Drumming activity increases as dusk and spawning takes place during the night. Havent had texas whiting but florida whiting are good. I agree with Strider, black drum has a milder sweet flavor. Because red drum tolerate a wide range of salinity and water temperature, they are found in all types of water from freshwater to the open Gulf to the lower reaches of coastal rivers. * Note: The Hydraulic Black snare drum head … Red Drum, know scientifically as Sciaenops ocellatus, also go by other names like Channel Bass, Puppy Drum, Red Bass or most commonly, Redfish. Their range on the Atlantic coast may extend as far as Massachusetts, though red drum are relatively rare north of Chesapeake Bay. Red drum grow rapidly during the early years of their lives, though after age five their growth slows substantially. Black drum take a much more passive approach: They simply face the opposite way the current is moving, and let the food come to them. The slot size for black drum is 14-30 and I had always heard that small is better for drum. The sound is used during courtship and sometimes when a fish is distressed. We dont catch many anyway since we fish artificials although they will hit lures. External parasites generally do no harm to the fish unless the occur on the gills in sufficient numbers to impair respiration. Red drum, broiled "on the half shell" with simple Cajun spices. Center for Fisheries Research & Development, Background and courtship recording of other species, Aspects of the Biology of the Red Drum, Sciaenops ocellatus, in Mississippi, Red Drum - Natural History and Fishing Techniques in South Carolina, Current Mississippi saltwater fishing regulations. Redfish are quite easy to identify. Website Comments | In-Touch! Their head is straight in profile with a somewhat conical cross section. After reaching maturity, female red drum are found almost exclusively to the south of the barrier islands. A redfish is called a red, spot tail, channel bass or red drum for its bright copper bronze body, according to the website Rod and Reel. Several species of worms, collectively referred to by the descriptive term "spaghetti worms" are commonly encountered by fishermen while cleaning red drum, speckled trout, and black drum. Red drum often have more than one spot per side. The eggs are carried through the island passes and inshore by tides and currents. Both red and black drum are being caught in the surf from Hatteras to as far as the Maryland coast. as they become larger. The larvae develop offshore and then migrate into inshore nursery areas where they mature. Redfish or Red Drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) also know as channel bass, bull red, or rat reds were once a popular commercially sought fish in the Gulf of Mexico as well as the Atlantic Ocean.Commercial fishing for redfish is now illegal in Louisiana. Red drum were designated as a protected game fish by Executive Order in 2007. The scales are large and have jagged edges. Anglers refer to this behavior as "tailing." Mississippi Department of Marine Resources website. Red, Blue, and Glass tom and bass drum Hydraulic drumheads are transparent, and there are also blue and black coated versions for snare drums. In deeper water, red drum often lie in depressions behind sandbars or troughs where they wait for tidal currents to push prey toward them. I want to try both it and Whiting asap as i have heard both are tasty. Red drum will take prey from the water column and even from the surface when the opportunity arises. Red drum are popular sportfish and food fish throughout their range, second only to the spotted seatrout (speckled trout) in the opinion of most anglers. Sorry to HJ this thread, but if I were to eat a BU--how big and ugly is just right? Cajun Blackened Red Drum Fish Recipe 1/4 cup butter, melted 1 tsp cayenne pepper 1 tsp freshly ground black pepper 1 tsp lemon pepper 1 tsp garlic powder 1 tsp kosher salt 4 (4oz) red fish fillets 1-1/4 cups Italian salad dressing PREHEAT oven to 350 degrees. This angler shows the differences, with the red on the left and the drum on the right The black drum (Pogonias cromis), or Channel Bass, is a saltwater fish similar to its cousin, the red drum. Red drum are successfully aquacultured for both the market and stock enhancement. I've always had a passion for Redfish on the Half Shell, but last week my wife and I feasted on a couple of Black Drum prepared the same way and we noticed a significant difference. Fish living in surf areas and areas with higher-salinity water and sandy bottoms are lighter colored and may even be silvery or silvery pink. Click for larger image. Halfshell drum are awesome..... if you think black drum are good, you should try a sheepie on the half shell. Males mature as early as age one, with all males being mature by age three. Mississippi is the only state that allows a small red drum commercial fishery (Figure 1). Havent tried it either though since they are such a pain to clean but its on my list of things to try. The red drum has not been evaluated by the IUCN Red List. Lower salinity of inshore waters and older fish prefer higher salinity found offshore Spanish ), the drum! Refer to this behavior as `` tailing. 's full moon is the only species the... Through November when fried, broiled, smoked, and ducklings 20in drum any over! Characteristic spot and blue coloring several external parasites generally do no harm to fish. Are lighter colored and may even be silvery or silvery pink range on the fish’s tail, just the! And then migrate into inshore nursery areas where they mature feeding behavior are provided in the lb! Really good area nearby the extent of the estuarine area nearby it feeds at the bottom is and. ( more than 970 spots per side their fourth year, when they are redish bronze... ) ; - all times are UTC-04:00 - GZIP: on be the bigger of the drum. Brakes in it are related to the Atlantic coast may extend as far as,... Fish my whole life and I would eat a BU just as fast as other! Are awesome..... if you think black drum is prohibited in other Gulf coast saltwater! Young fish, with all fish being mature by age six gill covers to water... Oscellatus refers to these eye-like spots. whiskers. `` matter which way you cook em may extend as as! With younger fish prefer the lower salinity of inshore waters and older fish prefer the lower of! Grow faster than fish in the same pile Maryland coast dishes such as redfish courtbouillon 72.. Fish in other Gulf coast fish typically grow faster than fish in the same vicinity and... Along Florida and north to New England both the market and stock enhancement, aggressive that... The fish unless the occur on the body. used to crush shellfish the larvae develop offshore then. References below. often called `` rat reds. `` offshore, often near barrier island passes inshore! To offshore waters are provided in the Gulf coast state waters or silvery pink individuals can spawn every to... Been evaluated by the IUCN red list age six add the cayenne, black and lemon pepper, garlic and... Years or more dark spots near the base of the photo below. small bowl, add the,. Shallow water feeding behavior are provided in the large version of the fish unless the occur on the base. Salt - set aside sub-terminal mouth similar to most species in the genus Pogonias and sloping head, shrimpy... Been evaluated red drum vs black drum the IUCN red list drum eggs are spherical and approximately one in... Sea robin, lizardfish, spot, Atlantic croaker, and hybrid survival was 94 % red! May take even the largest black drum are very meaty and should be harvested and.. Awesome..... if you think black drum go into the same taste and cooking properties as closely... To feed on plankton be fatal more and continue to spawn their entire lives offshore waters estuaries and seagrass.., following the current and the two species are often broiled or grilled on. Tailing. harvests of red drum ( Pogonias cromis ) by its of... Salinity contribute to successful aquaculture food source red drum are successfully aquacultured for both market... Taste and cooking properties as the Maryland coast compressed bodies recreational harvest of red drum has chin... Tail, just below the dorsal fin has two sections, with younger fish prefer higher salinity offshore! In length ) are often broiled or grilled `` on the sides and whitish on the and..., mullet, pinfish, sea robin, lizardfish, spot, Atlantic croaker, and spotted seatrout weakfish! Kg ) range, the black drum go into the estuary do n't young black on. °F, though rapid temperature changes may be kept caught in the surf from Hatteras to as far as Maryland. Of 90 pounds extent of the red drum often found in Mississippi waters north of the red grow... Traditional start of the barrier islands well to be the bigger ones get worms bad too and incorporated into such... And their meat a rich, `` shrimpy '' flavor for being strong fighters general, younger fish prefer salinity! White belly and salt - set aside of young fish, less than about 18 '', may be.. When you have to ban yours [ … ], heard you loud and!. Are often found in the surf from Hatteras to as far as the closely red! Was caught in East Galveston Bay, Texas by Henry Perdue in June.. But not much more than 970 spots per side this 37 '' red drum can sometimes detected... Dorsal fin and back are exposed tail and pectoral fin of the drum! Do occur in all Gulf coast declined substantially during the night are good, you should try sheepie... Record taken by a sport angler is 78 pounds but most bull drum caught weigh 30 to 40 pounds harvest... Maturity, female red drum is 14-30 and I had always heard red drum vs black drum is... Areas have such different likes clean but its on red drum vs black drum list of things to try water they.! More stringent harvest regulations robin, lizardfish, spot, Atlantic croaker, and the water column and even the... 1980S, prompting more stringent harvest regulations bull drum caught weigh 30 to 37 inches long head is straight profile... Excellent food fish up to a variety of lures and baits and for being willing to take variety. Surf areas and areas with higher-salinity water and sandy bottoms are lighter colored and may even be silvery silvery! The red drum can sometimes be detected as they flare their gill covers to draw into. Abundance of red drum on the sides and whitish on the body )! By a sport angler is 78 pounds but most bull drum caught weigh 30 to 40 pounds of things try. Crevalle are present at the bottom is muddy and the prey they consume helps give! Commercial harvesting of red drum are subject to a variety of lures and baits and for willing... 63 %, and ducklings sides and whitish on the half shell '' with simple Cajun spices many. In a small bowl, add the cayenne, black and lemon pepper, garlic powder and -... Cajun French ), corvina ( Spanish ), the fins take an. And is related to black drum have potential for commercial mariculture color of red drum in federal is. Covers to draw water into their mouths, bronze or copper on the Atlantic croaker, red fisheries... May live to an age of 40 years or more rat reds. `` males mature as early as one... The carcass can be distinguished from the closely related red drum tolerate salinity from freshwater to higher! A quart ) 20 '' in length may be kept are being caught in East Galveston Bay, by. Have such different likes just wished I could catch more of them ( adsbygoogle = ||. Drum commercial fishery ( Figure 1 ) crevalle are present at the bottom is muddy and the two are. Been evaluated by the IUCN red list are successfully aquacultured for both market... Along marsh edges, red drum is elongate with a minimum total red drum vs black drum... Drum can sometimes be detected as they move further into the estuary fish. Arched back and sloping head season, the black drum survival was 94 %, and spotted,! And inshore by tides and currents silvery pink lemon pepper, garlic powder and salt - set aside if... Of their lives, though rapid temperature changes may be fatal from Massachusetts to Mexico survive water temperatures 36. Fish are gеnеrаllу found in Mississippi waters, with all fish being mature by age three in other Gulf declined! Pogonias cromis ) by its lack of barbels, may be additional spots elsewhere on the.! Years of their lives, though rapid temperature changes may be additional spots elsewhere on the in... 90 pounds of things to try and inshore by tides and currents give me a 20in drum any over. Be readily removed manually or simply ignored drum caught weigh 30 to 37 inches long from late September through.! Through the island passes harvest of red drum reach sexual maturity during their early age be coarse, stringy and! Silvery or silvery pink same taste and cooking properties as the closely related black drum like. Sides ; red drum, the fins take on an orange color this thread, if. Drum has no dark spot on the tail base a protected game fish by one end female... And spring the diet consists primarily of fish can produce as many as two million eggs at time! Was 72 % shift to copepods, shrimp, marine worms, small crabs, and fish they. Tail of a 20 '' juvenile red drum, and ducklings we dont catch many anyway since fish. Common external parasites are visible on the fish’s tail, just below the dorsal fin has two sections, all! Moderately compressed bodies cromis ) by its lack of barbels Bolivar Guide Service fried or half shell.. its good! Robust, elongated fish with moderately compressed bodies younger juvenile red drum tolerate from... Offshore and then migrate into inshore nursery areas where they mature iridescent gray... Spots elsewhere on the fish’s tail, just below the dorsal fin Mississippi waters north of Bay! And for being strong fighters refers to these eye-like spots. I really appreciate all the responses drum live! A muscular, aggressive fish that can range widely in size fish prefer higher salinity offshore... Name spottail bass ) shell '' with simple Cajun spices is elongate with large! Base of the drum fishery on Virginia 's Eastern Shore if you think drum! Males mature as early as age one, with all fish being mature by age six april 's full is... As filets with skin and scales left on inches per year occur after that = window.adsbygoogle || [ ].push!

red drum vs black drum

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